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首页 > 考研公共课 > 考研英语 > 2020考研英语:常见易混淆词汇(5)
2020考研英语:常见易混淆词汇(5)
发布时间:2019年01月11日 来源:郑州启航考研

      1. distinctive&distinct

  distinctive “有特色的”,“独特的”;

  distinct “清楚的,明显的”;a distinct smell of alcohol on his breath; the distinctive stripes of the zebra.

  2. dual&duel

  dual “二重的”;dual personality 双重人格;dual control 双重管辖;

  duel “决斗,竞争”;fight a duel with sb. 与某人决斗;challenge sb. to a duel 向某人提出决斗;a duel of wits 斗智。

  3. eatable&edible

  eatable a. “可食用的,可吃的”;n. “食物、食品”。

  edible a. “适合食用的,可以吃的”;n. “食品”。

  在指吃的时候二者可通用:The toast was burnt and barely eatable/edible. 但在其他情况下不一样。

  If something is eatable, it may be eaten (though it may not be safe or desirable to do so); but, if something is edible it is safe to eat.

  4. economical&economic

  economic “经济学的,经济上的” an economic survey of Scotland 苏格兰经济调查;an economic blockade 经济封锁;

  economical “节俭的,经济的”;He's had to learn to be more economical now that his only income is a small pension.

  5. evoke&invoke

  evoke “唤起,引起”;evoke admiration 引起羡慕。

  invoke “祈求(神灵)保佑,乞灵于”,行使(法权);If our case fails in the national courts we will invoke the European Declaration on Human Rights.

  6. fatal&fateful

  fatal “causing death or disaster” “致命的”; a fatal disease 不治之症;a fatal wound 致命伤。

  fateful“crucial, significant, deciding one's fate” “重大的”,“决定性的,决定命运的”; On that one fateful day in October, millions of pounds werewiped off the value of shares.

  7. fictional&fictitious

  fictional “虚构的,小说的”;

  fictitious “虚构的,编造的” (denotes something that is not real and has been created with the intention of deceiving others);He gave the police afictitious name.

  8. historical&historic

  historical “有关历史的”,“历史的”, the historical period 历史阶段;historical personage 历史人物。

  historic “历史上有名的,有历史意义的”,historic town 历史名城。

  9. impassable&impassible

  impassable “不能通行的”,“不可逾越的”;an impassable swam 不能通行的沼泽地。

  impassible “不感疼痛的;无动于衷的”; an impassible God 无动于衷的神。

  10. infer&imply

  infer “猜想,臆测”,“推断”;infer a motive from an effect 从效果推知动机。

  imply “含有……的意思”; Do you realize what his words imply? 你领会他说话的含意吗?I do not imply that you are wrong. 我的意思不是说你错了。



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